Subsistence and survival in the Sahel responses of households and enterprises to deteriorating conditions and development policy in the Mopti Region of Mali by E. J. A. Harts-Broekhuis

Cover of: Subsistence and survival in the Sahel | E. J. A. Harts-Broekhuis

Published by Koninklijk Nederlands Aardrijkskundig Genootschap, Faculteit Ruimtelijke Wetenschappen Universiteit Utrecht in Utrecht .

Written in English

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  • Mopti (Mali : Region),
  • Mali,
  • Mopti (Region)


  • Environmental degradation -- Mali -- Mopti (Region),
  • Households -- Mali -- Mopti (Region),
  • Mopti (Mali : Region) -- Economic conditions.,
  • Mopti (Mali : Region) -- Economic policy.

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementE.J.A. Harts-Broekhuis & A.A. de Jong.
SeriesNederlandse geografische studies,, 168 = Netherlands geographical studies; 168, Nederlandse geografische studies ;, 168.
ContributionsJong, A. A. de
LC ClassificationsHC1035.Z7 M664 1993
The Physical Object
Pagination455 p. :
Number of Pages455
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1230103M
ISBN 109068091816, 9062661076
LC Control Number94231753

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Get this from a library. Subsistence and survival in the Sahel: responses of households and enterprises to deteriorating conditions and development policy in the Mopti Region of.

How to build resilience in the Sahel More households will be caught in the trap of trading short-term survival for long-term development. the Sahel cannot survive on subsistence Author: David Gressly.

Previous research into drought-response tactics has tended to be undertaken after the fact, and hence has been forced to be impressionistic. This study quantifies the importance of farmer drought-response strategies in southcentral Niger based on a survey which began during the drought of Livestock sales, food aid, temporary migration, remunerative non-agricultural activities, and Cited by: nice thread it will help out many of the newbies Thanks for the feedback.

I hope it does help. ing its survival. Two general strategies are followed in order to achieve this: (1) the household seeks to minimize the risk of failing to produce its means of subsistence, and (2) it seeks lo limit its losses following a production failure (Binswanger, Jodha, and Barah, ).

'Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, University of. subsistence: 1 n a means of surviving “farming is a hard means of subsistence ” Type of: endurance, survival a state of surviving; remaining alive n minimal (or marginal) resources for subsisting “social security provided only a bare subsistence ” Type of: bread and butter, keep, livelihood, living, support, sustenance the financial.

Tier 1. Skinning Stone - Fiber x2, Twigs x 2, Flint, Hammerstone. Cooked Setlang Meat - Uncooked Setlang meat, stick (requires Campfire or Stove). Tier 2. Cooked Lurker Meat - Uncooked Lurker meat, stick (requires Campfire or Stove). Cooked Helltyr Meat - Uncooked Helltyr meat, stick (requires Campfire or Stove).

Mortar and Pestle - Wood Club, Gypsum (requires Campfire, Stove or Forge). Subsistence is a multiplayer (and single player), sandbox, first person, open-world survival game. Struggle to build a base and gear-up in the hostile environment. Mine and refine resources, farm plants and domesticate animals.

Team up with other players to protect your base, attack others, or ally with neighbouring factions. Field research on customaryland tenure conducted in two villages inEastern Senegal suggests that theexisting tenure regime places a higher value onaccess than on security, long considered acornerstone of investment in increasedagricultural productivity.

The underlyingreasons point to tenure's cultural iew accounts and observation are used todevelop the cultural link between Cited by: In Africa’s Sahel region, even in years of adequate rainfall food insecurity is usually high.

Now, as the region enters the precarious “lean season” (the period between harvests that lasts. Her very survival depended on her father's success as a hunter and fisherman. The term "subsistence" implies the bare minimum needed to survive. Author: Keith Searles.

Pearl millet is the staple of what is perhaps the harshest of the world's major farming areas: the arid and semiarid region stretching over 7, km from Senegal to Somalia (almost one-sixth of the way around the globe at that latitude).

There, on the hot, dry, sandy soils, farmers produce some The people there depend on agriculture and pastoralism, or putting animals to pasture, for their survival. Some are nomadic cattle herders, but most are subsistence farmers growing sorghum, cotton, millet and other dryland yields.

In addition to devastating poverty, the people of the Sahel also face an unstable climate, and drought is no : Maria Trimarchi. Buy From Subsistence to Sustainable Agriculture in Africa on FREE SHIPPING on qualified orders. Subsistence farming does not require that one exclusively eat everything one produces, but the goal first and foremost is survival - subsistence.

Subsistence farming can take shape in a number of ways - from homesteading to urban agriculture to large hobby farms - but the principle is always the same: To live sustainably by producing enough /5(7).

“Every leaf is a tiny little miracle.a tiny miracle that keeps us all alive.” I read this in a book once and thought about how indiscriminately mature trees are removed for development––and like all plants, they take up CO2 and give off O2––better than anything survivors, I’d say we also need to plant more trees––self-propagating ones not ornamentals as they.

In the Sahel region of West Africa, where more than 18 million people are facing a food crisis, people in Burkina Faso are digging for flecks of gold to. Subsistence farming can be found in use greatly in sub-Saharan Africa. A majority of the rural poor population depend on this agriculture for survival.

The reason this is seen in such heavy use in this area is because it allows the farmers to grow food, with very little cost to them, and reduces their need to travel to the city.

The Sahel (/ s ə ˈ h ɛ l /, sāḥil; ساحل Arabic pronunciation: "coast, shore") is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.

Having a semi-arid climate, it stretches across the south-central latitudes of Northern Africa between the Atlantic Ocean and the Red name is derived from the. Subsistence is defined in Alaska state laws as the “noncommercial customary and traditional uses” of fish and wildlife.

These uses include: Food. In the s (the last period for which a comprehensive estimate is available), the Division of Subsistence estimates that average rural subsistence harvest statewide was about pounds of food. A book of history, theory and polemic, the authors show how, if we are to survive, economies must become needs-based, environmentally sustainable, co-operative and local.

They explain how the current capitalist system is none of A product of twenty years of analysis and activism, this unique book poses a radical alternative to the current free /5(4).

History. Subsistence agriculture was predominant in parts of Asia especially India and later emerged in various areas including Mexico, where it was based on maize, and in the Andes, where it was based on the domestication of the tence agriculture was the dominant mode of production in the world until recently, when market-based capitalism became widespread.

** Survival games mean mostly grinding. Are you expecting like Rust feel. Mean gather 1k woods on single run & finish a base within a hour or two.

Subsistence is unique from other survival games one as far now mean the world is more dangerous. ** Yeah animals are dangerous, you have to be careful when exploring. That's the thrill in this game. 8 Agro-pastoral mediation in the Sahel region of Mali, Niger and Burkina Faso Introduction: Enabling peaceful In the Sahel region, the subsistence economy is structured around livestock, transhumance 1, A struggle for survival From the Sahel region to the African coastal lands and the.

Subsistence, A Way of Life. How Climate Change Is Affecting Alaskan Traditions. More: America's Eroding Edges; By: Josie Holtzman and Isaac Kestenbaum Subsistence is a traditional way of living off the land that has sustained Alaskans for thousands of years.

But for many Alaska Natives, subsistence is more than just food—it is a worldview and. SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE AND DEFORESTATION J A third to two-fifths of tropical deforestation is caused by subsistence activities on a local level by people who simply use the rainforest's resources for their survival.

Having neither the money nor the political power to acquire holdings on productive lands, these transient settlers. Subsistence is what is necessary for survival and what belongs to every life, as unquestioned as the air we need for breathing.

In addition to food and other necessities of life, the concept also includes the process of reproduction, which takes place anew every day. In his book, Le sahel face aux futurs (The Sahel: Facing the Future), Jacques Giri was already sounding the alarm: “Overall, the Sahelian food production system has remained very traditional, very vulnerable to drought and not all that productive.

It has not adapted in terms of quality, quantity or needs [ ]. THE CRISIS OF SAHELIAN PASTORALISM: ECOLOGICAL OR ECONOMIC. Pierre Hiernaux INTRODUCTION Pastoralism is the dominant system of production and way of life for people in the Gourma region of Mali.

Pastoralism has, however, been in deep crisis for decades. As elsewhere in Sahel, this crisis hits the subsistence economy, which is centred.

A comprehensive review is provided of the natural and socio-economic conditions of the Sahel, and the adverse consequences of rapid population growth for the region's fragile ecological system.

Desertification and the specific conditions within which women have to survive are given particular attention. The focus of the second part is on Mali's agricultural sector, in particular the conditions Cited by: Lost Crops of Africa: Volume Seen in overall perspective, this is a versatile crop with valuable for both subsistence survival and modern commerce.

Climate can be found or farmed. According to estimates, the tree provides more than half of all women’s income in the rural Sahel. Foreign exchange is also earned: both seed-Page The subsistence harvest of food is an important part of life in Alaska, particularly in rural areas of Alaska, which includes 20% of the state's population.

In (the last year for which a statewide analysis of subsistence harvesting was done) rural Alaskans acquired 35% of their required daily calories from subsistence hunting and fishing. subsistence: See: aid, assistance, help, livelihood, maintenance, subsidy, support, sustenance.

The drying of the Sahel in the late 20th century caused widespread famine that attracted world-wide attention, including the United Nations Conference on Desertification (UNCOD) in Nairobi, Kenya inthe Convention to Combat Desertification, the International Year of the Desert and Desertification, and the Millennium Ecosystem.

ADVERTISEMENTS: Types of subsistence farming are 1. Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming 2. Intensive Subsistence Farming.

Primitive or Simple Subsistence Farming: Primitive farming is the oldest form of agriculture and still prevalent in some areas of the world. From primitive gathering, some people have taken a step ‘upward’ on the economic ladder by learning [ ]. "Subsistence Chronology, A Short History of Subsistence Policy in Alaska Since Statehood" revised edition, AFN Used with permission of the Alaska Federation of Natives, C Street, SuiteAnchorage, AK Chapter 4 - Food supply systems in Africa Agriculture in transition: Factors affecting food security.

The agricultural production and food supply systems of a country depend on many factors including government policy, ecological potential, and the level of technology, inputs. The geography, history, environment and socio-economics of the Sahel are discussed and a detailed account is given of the importance of sorghum and millet to the food security of the region, as exemplified in the case of Mali.

It is shown how past development strategies have contributed to deteriorating socio-economic and environmental conditions. Start studying 7th Grade GA CRCT African Unit 2. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.

In the past two years, much of the conflict in the Sahel has been attributed to the presence of al-Qaeda affiliates, although AQIM is the only formal al-Qaeda affiliate active in the region, and the group’s activities actually represent only per cent of all non-state violence in the Sahel sinceand result in just under 2 per cent of Cited by:.

Indigenous Mbororo woman, Hindou, is the speaker selected to represent civil society at the historic 22 April signing ceremony of Paris climate agreement.Start studying The Sahel.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.the Sahel: Responding to the Crisis in Mali DECEMBER This issue brief provides a view from the Sahel on the current threats to peace and security in the region. As part of its project on peace and security in the Sahel-Sahara region, IPI’s Africa Program has partnered with the Mauritania-based.

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